What is Insurance?

What is Insurance?

An insurance policy/plan is a legal agreement between a person (Policyholder) and an insurance firm (Provider). Under the terms of the contract, you pay the insurer regular sums of money (premiums), and they cover your losses if an unpleasant event occurs, such as the early death of the life insured, an accident, or property damage. Let's take a closer look at what insurance is and the numerous advantages, features, and kinds of insurance available in India.

In the event of a claim, the insurer pays the policyholder/nominee a lump sum payment based on the insurance conditions.

Individual requirements and life objectives guide the selection of a certain type of insurance coverage.

A thorough grasp of the many components of an insurance policy can aid you in selecting the plan that is most suited to your needs.

Components of Insurance

To help you better grasp 'what is insurance' and how it works, below are some of these components :

Insurance Premiums

An insurance policy's premium is the amount you must pay to obtain a specified quantity of insurance coverage. It's usually described as a recurring fee that you pay as a lumpsum, or on a monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, or annual basis during the premium payment period.

An insurance firm determines the premium of an insurance plan depending on a number of criteria. The goal is to determine if an insured person is eligible for the type of insurance plan he or she want to purchase.

For example, suppose you are fit and have no medical history of receiving treatment for serious physical disorders. In that case, you will likely be paying less for medical insurance or life insurance than those who have many ailments.

You should also be aware that for comparable products, various insurance providers may charge varying prices. As a result, finding the correct one at a reasonable price takes some time and effort.

Policy Restrictions

It is defined as the maximum amount for which an insurance company is responsible for losses covered by the policy. It is calculated depending on the insurance term, loss or damage, and other comparable criteria.

Typically, the greater the policy limit, the greater the premium. The sum assured is the maximum amount that an insurer will pay to the nominee under a life insurance policy.


The amount or percentage that the insured decides to pay out of pocket before the insurer steps in to settle a claim is referred to as the deductible.  The insurance company is liable to pay the claim amount only when it exceeds the deductible.

Deductibles are determined by the provisions of a certain type of policy and are applicable per policy or per claim. In general, insurance policies with large deductibles are less expensive since fewer claims are filed due to the greater out-of-pocket price.

How Does it Work?

An insurance policy, as previously stated, is a legal agreement that ties both the insured and the insurance provider to each other. It contains all of the information on the terms and conditions under which the insured person or policy nominee gets insurance benefits from the provider.

Insurance is a means of ensuring that you and your family members are protected in the event of a financial emergency. You purchase an insurance policy for it, and the insurance company assumes the risk and provides insurance coverage at a certain rate.

The insured or nominee can submit a claim with the insurer in the event of an unforeseen incident. The insurer evaluates the claim request and covers the claim based on the claim criteria.

What are the Benefits of Getting Insurance?

People and society as a whole benefit from insurance plans in a variety of ways. Along with the well-known advantages of insurance, there are a number of others that are less well-known.

1. Provide Protection Against Uncertainty

It is one of the most visible and important aspects of insurance. Under insurance plans, the insured person or organisation is protected against losses. Purchasing the appropriate insurance coverage is a good method to protect yourself against losses caused by a variety of life's uncertainties.

2. Managing Cash Flow

The possibility of having to pay out of pocket for losses has a big influence on cash management. You may, however, face this uncertainty with calm if you have insurance coverage on your side. The chosen insurance company pays in the case of an insured incident occurring at any time.

3. Investment Prospects

A portion of the premium is invested in numerous market-linked funds in a unit linked insurance plan. This allows you to invest funds on a periodic basis to benefit from market-linked returns while also achieving your life objectives. In ULIPs, the investment risk in the investment portfolio is borne by the policyholder.

Does Insurance Have Tax Benefits?

You can get income tax benefits in addition to the protection benefits of insurance plans.

Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961

Section 80C of the Income Tax Act allows you to deduct the premiums you pay for life insurance plans from your taxable income. These deductions have a cap of Rs. 1.5 lakh per annum.

Section 80D of the Income Tax Act

Section 80D of the Income Tax Act of 1961 allows you to deduct the cost of health insurance for yourself and your parents subject to the conditions mentioned therein.

Section 10 (10D) of the Income Tax Act

This provision exempts the life insurance benefits that you or the insurance policy nominee will receive from the insurer from taxes.

In today's world, having insurance coverage is a must. While many people engage in various forms of insurance, not everyone is aware of the numerous benefits they provide. Insurance, such as life insurance, protects not just your financial future but also that of your family. Furthermore, purchasing life insurance fosters the practice of saving money on a regular basis. As a result, it enables you to amass a sizable portfolio.

Term and health insurance plans help you protect yourself and your family's financial well-being while also allowing you to gain a variety of additional advantages. So, now that you know 'what is insurance?' and how it works, you should choose the one that best meets your needs and remain safe!


Tax benefits are as per the Income Tax Act, 1961, and are subject to any amendments made thereto from time to time.

The article is meant to be general and informative in nature and should not be construed as solicitation material. Please read the related product brochures for exclusions, terms and conditions, warranties, etc. carefully before concluding a sale

Consult with your financial advisor before making any decisions on insurance purchase.

Suggested Plan

Bharti AXA Life Guaranteed Wealth Pro

  • A non-linked, non-participating individual savings life insurance plan
  • Flexibility to choose the payout structure
  • Multiple income options
  • Option to receive tax free income beginning from the second policy year itself
  • Option to get lifelong income along with life cover till 100 years of age

Bharti AXA Life Wealth Pro

  • An Individual Linked life cover with Insurance cum Savings Plan.
  • Choose a Variant: The plan offers you two variants to choose from a) Growth Variant b) Legacy variant
  • Grow your wealth further with Wealth booster
  • Multiple Investment Strategies to suit your investment needs
  • Tax benefits

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What variables influence the cost of life insurance?

The cost of life insurance is determined by a number of criteria, including your age, gender, health, income, lifestyle, and occupation.

How long do insurance policies have a waiting period?

A waiting period is the amount of time that a policyholder must wait before their insurance coverage kicks in. He or she may not be eligible for insurance benefits until the waiting period is ended or the protection begins.

In addition, the length of this term varies depending on the type of insurance coverage.

Why would I need to renew my insurance policy?

Insurance plans must be renewed on a regular basis in order for the policyholder to continue to get benefits. They can be renewed during the grace period after the expiration date, but they may expire if the premium is not paid on time.

In addition, the insurance company has the right to refuse coverage for any time in which no payment is paid.