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Family Pension Rules and the Power of Life Insurance - Guide to Family Pension in India

 Family Pension Rules

Planning for your own future is essential, but a truly fulfilling life involves ensuring the well-being of your loved ones even when you're no longer around. This is where a combination of thoughtful financial planning and life insurance can play a crucial role. This blog explores the family pension rules applicable after the death of a pensioner and how a life insurance policy can act as a vital supplement, providing your family with the financial security they need to navigate life's uncertainties.

What is Family Pension?

Family pension is a monthly payment provided by the government to the eligible dependents (spouse & children) of a deceased government employee. It acts as a source of financial support, helping families maintain a sense of stability during a difficult time.

Who is Eligible for Family Pension?

Eligibility for a family pension depends on several factors:

  • Employee Type: The scheme primarily applies to government employees (central and some state) who were:
    • Permanent employees on the date of death.
    • Temporary employees who completed a minimum service period (varies by department).
  • Cause of Death: The employee's death can be due to natural causes or while in service.
  • Pension Status: The deceased employee was either a pensioner or would have been eligible for a pension upon retirement.

Additional Considerations:

  • Unmarried Daughters: Unmarried daughters of the deceased employee receive a family pension until they marry or start earning a certain monthly income.
  • Disabled Children: Disabled children (mental or physical) of the deceased employee may be eligible for a family pension for life, subject to conditions.
  • Parents: In the absence of a surviving spouse or eligible children, dependent parents of the deceased employee might be eligible for a family pension.

How Does the Family Pension Scheme Work?

The amount of family pension is typically a percentage of the deceased employee's last drawn basic salary. It's important to note that specific calculations and eligibility details can vary depending on the employee's department and service rules.

Here are some general steps involved in claiming a family pension:

  • Informing Authorities: The deceased employee's department needs to be notified promptly.
  • Document Submission: Required documents like death certificate, service records, and proof of dependency need to be submitted.
  • Processing & Approval: The claim is processed by the concerned authorities.
  • Pension Disbursement: Once approved, the family pension is disbursed monthly to eligible dependents.

Benefits of the Family Pension Scheme

  • Financial Security: Provides a steady source of income for the deceased employee's dependents.
  • Peace of Mind: Offers some financial stability during a challenging time.
  • Supports Education & Upliftment: Can help surviving children pursue education and become self-sufficient.

Limitations of Family Pension

While family pensions offer some financial support, they may not always be sufficient to maintain your family's current lifestyle after your demise. Here are some potential limitations:

  • Percentage-Based: Family pension amounts are often a fixed percentage of the deceased's earnings, which might not be enough to cover all your family's expenses.
  • Inflation: With rising inflation, the fixed family pension amount may lose its purchasing power over time.
  • Limited Dependents: Family pension benefits may only extend to the spouse and dependent children, potentially leaving other dependents financially vulnerable.

The Power of Life Insurance as a Supplement

Life insurance can play a vital role in bridging the gap between the family pension and your family's actual financial needs. Here's how:

  • Lump Sum Payout: Upon your demise, a life insurance policy provides a lump sum death benefit payout to your designated beneficiary/beneficiaries. This lump sum can be used to pay off outstanding debts, invest for the future, or cover immediate expenses.
  • Financial Flexibility: Life insurance allows you to choose a coverage amount that complements the family pension, ensuring your family has sufficient funds to maintain their desired lifestyle.
  • Long-Term Security: Some life insurance plans offer income benefits that provide a regular income stream to your beneficiary/beneficiaries, further supplementing the family pension.

Choosing the Right Life Insurance

With a vast array of life insurance plans available, choosing the right one is crucial for maximizing the benefit to your family. Here are some factors to consider:

  • Life Cover: Ensure the policy offers adequate life cover. Consider factors like your family's current expenses, future financial goals, and existing liabilities to determine the appropriate coverage amount.
  • Policy Type: Choose a policy that aligns with your family's needs. Term plans offer pure life cover at an affordable premium, while endowment plans provide a combination of life cover and maturity benefits.
  • Rider Benefits: Explore additional rider benefits like accidental death benefit or critical illness cover to offer enhanced protection for your family.

Planning for a Secure Future

While family pension rules provide some financial support, a life insurance policy acts as a safety net, ensuring your family's financial well-being even after you're gone. Here are some additional tips for planning a secure future for your loved ones:

  • Assess Your Family's Needs: Evaluate your family's current and future financial requirements.
  • Consult a Financial Advisor: A registered financial advisor can help you understand family pension benefits, recommend suitable life insurance options, and create a comprehensive financial plan for your family's security.
  • Start Early & Review Regularly: Start planning early to benefit from lower premiums and review your financial plan periodically to adjust for changing needs.


Combining family pension benefits with a well-chosen life insurance policy provides a strong foundation for your family's financial security. By taking proactive steps today, you can ensure your loved ones have the resources they need to face the future with confidence, even in your absence. Remember, securing your family's future is an act of love and responsibility, and life insurance empowers you to fulfill that responsibility effectively.


*Tax benefits are as per the Income Tax Act, 1961, and are subject to any amendments made thereto from time to time.

The article is meant to be general and informative in nature and should not be construed as solicitation material. Please read the related product brochures for exclusions, terms and conditions, warranties, etc. carefully before concluding a sale. Make responsible financial decisions. Consult with your financial advisor before making any decisions on insurance purchase.

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