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What is Life Insurance and What are its Benefits

Know the life insurance and its benefits also

Life is unpredictable. In India, where family is paramount, ensuring their security is a top priority. Life insurance acts as a safety net, offering financial protection for your loved ones in the unfortunate event of your passing.

But what exactly is life insurance, and how can it benefit you and your family? Let's delve deeper and understand this crucial financial tool.

Understanding Life Insurance

Life insurance is a contract between you (the policyholder) and an insurance company. You pay the insurance company a regular premium (a set amount of money) throughout the policy term. In return, the insurance company guarantees a financial payout (death benefit) to your designated beneficiaries if you pass away during the policy term.

Think of it this way: You contribute a small amount regularly (like saving money) towards a safety deposit box (the insurance policy). In case of an unexpected event, your loved ones have access to a significant sum of money (the death benefit) to manage their expenses and maintain their standard of living.

Types of Life Insurance Plans

There are various life insurance plans available in India, each catering to different needs and budgets. Here are the two main categories:

  • Term Insurance: This is the most basic and affordable type of life insurance. It provides a death benefit payout only if the policyholder dies during the policy term. Premiums are typically lower compared to other life insurance plans.
  • Whole Life Insurance: This plan offers life insurance coverage along with a savings component. A portion of your premium goes towards building a cash value, which accumulates over time. You can access this cash value through loans or withdrawals during your lifetime, in addition to receiving a death benefit payout to your beneficiaries upon your demise.

Benefits of Life Insurance

Life insurance can not only help cover your final needs, but it can also provide a financial safety net for your family by replacing your income or serving as an inheritance for a loved one. Life insurance goes beyond just providing a financial safety net upon your passing. Here are some benefits of life insurance 

  • Life Risk Coverage: Life insurance offers you risk coverage in the form of monetary compensation that protects you and your family in the case of adversity.
  • Maturity Benefit: Life insurance policies can also be leveraged as a savings tool because they provide maturity benefits. If the policyholder survives till the end of the policy term with no claims, the total premiums paid are refunded at the policy's maturity. However, not all life insurance provides maturity benefits. In this way, your life insurance policy can provide both a savings component and a protective cover.
  • Death Benefit: Individuals can safeguard themselves and their families with life insurance. If something goes wrong with the insured, the insurer pays an amount equal to the sum assured as indicated in the agreement, plus the bonus to the bereaved family. Life insurance also protects the interests of individuals with decreasing earnings as they become older or those who have met with accidents or are retired individuals. There is a range of policies to choose from, and you may pick the one that best fits your requirements.
  • Tax Benefits: Currently, section 80C of the Income Tax Act is a useful tool for salaried individuals to lower their tax liability. Investing in the specified assets is subject to exemptions under this provision.
  • Return on Investment: When compared to other investment options, life insurance schemes provide a superior return. The majority of life insurance plans include added bonus as well. In addition, life insurance money is secure and protects against risks. The money invested will earn a fair return and be reimbursed in full as the sum assured either at the end of the period or when the insured passes away.
  • Guaranteed Income: This revenue is used to cover all rentals, loans, and other expenses such as house rent, phone and energy bills, child education, and so on. This aspect of life insurance compensates for the income that would have been lost if the earning member had departed.
  • Financial Facility: You may have needed financial assistance in the form of loans, mortgages, and other forms of debt to realize your aspirations and achieve your goals. Whether it's student loans or credit card debt, coping with such obligations can be a major financial drain if you don't have a stable source of income. Though you may have the cash to pay off a portion of your debts now, your family may struggle to manage such obligations in the event of your untimely death, due to the loss of income. As a result, purchasing a life insurance policy ensures that your family will be able to meet your loan and mortgage obligations even if you are no longer alive.

Who Should Consider Life Insurance?

Anyone who has financial dependents (spouse, children, parents) should consider life insurance. It's especially crucial for individuals who are the primary source of income for their families.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Life Insurance Plan

  • Needs and Goals: Identify your family's financial needs and long-term goals. This will help you determine the required coverage amount and choose the right type of plan.
  • Budget: Consider your financial situation and how much you can comfortably afford for premiums.
  • Policy Term: Choose a policy term that aligns with your dependents' financial dependence on you.
  • Riders (Optional benefits): Explore optional riders like accidental death benefit or waiver of premium rider, which can enhance your coverage but might increase the premium cost.
  • Compare Plans: Research different plans offered by various insurance companies. Compare features, benefits, premiums, and claim settlement processes before making a decision.

Seeking Professional Advice

Consulting a financial advisor can be beneficial. They can help you assess your needs, understand different plan options, and recommend suitable life insurance coverage based on your unique circumstances.


Life insurance is a valuable investment in your loved ones' future. By understanding its benefits, choosing the right plan, and ensuring timely premium payments, you can create a safety net that protects their financial well-being even in your absence. Remember, life insurance is an essential part of any comprehensive financial planning strategy. Take the time to explore your options and ensure your family is financially protected for the long term.


*Tax benefits are as per the Income Tax Act, 1961, and are subject to any amendments made thereto from time to time
The article is meant to be general and informative in nature and should not be construed as solicitation material. Please read the related product brochures for exclusions, terms and conditions, warranties, etc. carefully before concluding a sale.
Make responsible financial decisions. Consult with your financial advisor before making any decisions on insurance purchase.